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Introduction: Doctors are often invited to the Courts of Law globally as expert witnesses but occasionally they may be invited as defendants for alleged medical malpractice and clinical negligence or their involvement in crimes. Unfortunately, many doctors practicing in the developing countries especially in the African continent were not exposed to how to handle medicolegal cases during their undergraduate medical training because of the dearth of Forensic Pathologists or Anatomic Pathologists who are experienced enough to teach the subject.

Methods: A review of literatures was undertaken.
Results: This paper will help to breach this knowledge gap and better equip all the readers especially the medical community on how to handle these sensitive cases in view of the increasing medical litigations across the nations of the world.
Conclusions: It is therefore very imperative that all doctors are equipped with vital information on handling common
medicolegal cases as all hospital cases are potential medicolegal cases

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