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Background: Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) is one of the most contagious diseases in recent times that emanated from Wuhan, China. Even though vaccines have been discovered, the virus remains deadly. However, one of the preventive measures put in place by World Health Organization (WHO) to prevent the transmission of the virus from one person to the other is the usage of face mask.
Aim: To determine and compare the prevalence of proper usage, improper usage, and non-usage of facemask in the context of COVID-19 among the populace in Nigeria and South Africa.
Method: The study utilized Naturalistic Observational design where people moving about were observed and their usage of face mask in the context of COVID-19. 2000 people were observed in each participating country (N=4000).
Results: The study reveals that in the two countries male people moving around were more than the female. Also, the prevalence of proper usage of face mask was higher among male South Africans than their female counterpart. Although, the prevalence of proper usage of face mask among both sexes in South Africa is higher than that of Nigeria. Nigeria male and female passersby have the highest prevalence of improper and non-usage of facemask in this study.
Conclusions: The prevalence of proper usage of face mask was found to be higher among South Africans compare to Nigerians while the improper usage of face mask was found to be higher among Nigerian compare with South Africans
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